The Most Common Orthopedic Questions Asked and Answered

Orthopedics is a medical specialty that deals with the bones, joints and the spine. It is a field that has experience remarkable advances that have improved mobility and quality of life for millions of people around the world. It is likely that most people will receive some sort of orthopedic treatment at some time in their lives. Here are some common questions, with answers, about this important area of healthcare.

What Conditions Does the Orthopedic Specialty Treat?
Orthopedics deals with a variety of conditions, including back problems, osteoarthritis of the joints, neck pain, hip fractures, shoulder pain, joint injuries, foot pain, bursitis and medical conditions that involve widespread discomfort, such as fibromyalgia and rheumatic arthritis.

How Do Orthopedists Treat Back Pain?
Medications, back supports, modification of activities and osteopathic manipulation can help relieve back pain. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged discs and bones.

What Treatments Are Available For Knee Injuries?
Surgery to repair tears in ligaments and the meniscus are done on a regular basis by orthopedic surgeons. Damage to the knee joint caused by osteoarthritis can be treated with anti-inflammatory medications, injections and physical therapy, but may require joint replacement, when these treatments no longer provide sufficient relief.

What Treatments Are Available for Shoulder Injuries?
Medications, physical therapy and injections can help improve shoulder joint problems. Rotator cuff injuries are a common problem that can often be helped with a surgical procedure that removes damaged tissue and improves shoulder joint function.

What Is Joint Replacement Surgery?
Joint replacement surgery is a procedure in which certain joints of the body are removed and replaced with prosthetic devices made of special metals and plastic that function like the natural joint. These surgeries are done frequently in the United States and around the world to restore normal mobility.

How Do Patients Know When Joint Replacement Is Necessary?
Generally, your orthopedic physician will provide a number of non-surgical treatments to manage joint pain and mobility problems, such as anti-inflammatory medications, bracing, minor surgical repairs or steroid injections. However, if joint damage is severe, and these remedies no longer provide relief, your physician will recommend joint replacement.

If you have had an injury that involves the bones or have been diagnosed with a disease that affects the bones, you will benefit from treatment by a trained orthopedic physician. This area of medicine continues to enjoy many new developments in surgical procedures and treatments that can relieve pain and improve physical function. Talk to your primary care physician to determine if orthopedic treatment would help you to regain full mobility and relief from discomfort.

The Impact Antennas Have Had on Space Exploration

Exploring the deep, dark outskirts of the universe would be impossible without the use of antennas.

From the introduction of commercial radio to the invention of smart antennas, the importance of antennas has only grown. While functionality has increased, it could be argued it’s actually the profound impact antennas have had in space exploration which has allowed the technology to continue to advance.

While the 1957 launch of Sputnik 1, humanity’s first satellite, was the first instance of antennas actually entering space, it wasn’t their first jolt in the arena. The history of antennas in the field of space exploration goes as far back as 1932 and the accidental invention of radio telescopes.

By the end of World War II, astronomers were using antennas to survey the galaxy. In many ways, this is what began our step into the abyss of the cosmos.

Sputnik 1 may have been the first occurrence of antennas in the void, but it certainly isn’t the most impressive.

NASA’s Voyager spacecrafts are the only objects humanity has in interstellar space, the area between stars. At over 10 billion miles from Earth, without the use of their antennas, transmissions of Voyager data would never reach Earth, and instructions for the systems’ thrusters would, in turn, never reach the spacecrafts.

The Voyager mission was instrumental in helping to define what the NASA Deep Space Network (DSN) has become. As the spacecrafts continued to move further away from Earth, larger and more advanced antennas were essential to the DSN’s success. Without the antennas that make up the DSN, humanity’s exploration into the space beyond our solar system wouldn’t be possible.

Antennas are essential to communication and, thus, continue to be prevalent in future space exploration. For example, TESS (Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite) will utilize its unique antenna to transmit data from its search in the nearby galaxy for Earth-like and Super Earth-like planets. The Mars 2020 rover is going to be equipped with several small, omni-directional antennas, allowing for communication with Earth and the other Mars rovers. With the continuing development of commercial space exploration, companies are testing new satellite antenna setups all the time. It seems the bond between antennas and space exploration will continue to be tight.

Whether it’s communication from personnel to personnel or between a computer and an unmanned spacecraft in interstellar space, space exploration is something which requires the ability to communicate efficiently. Through this necessity, antennas will continue to grow smaller, more powerful, and more precise.

Exploring the deepest recesses of space is a job that antennas will continue to have a lasting impact on.

5 Tips for Applying for a Loan with Bad Credit

Bad credit can put a damper on your progress when you’re trying to get an approval for a loan. Fortunately, there are some steps you can take to make your experience progress a little more smoothly so that you can get the funds you need. Here are five tips for applying for a loan with bad credit:

1. Check Your Exact Credit Score

The first thing that you should do before you apply for any loan is to check your credit score. You can obtain free copies of your credit score by visiting each of the credit bureaus, or you can obtain such scores by going to a site like that offers all three at the same time. That will give you a good picture of what’s exactly on your credit report. You should try to get your exact score too because many lenders approve and deny by scores.

2. Examine Your Personal Finance

The next thing you’ll need to do after you check your credit report looks at your finances. It makes no sense to apply for a loan if you’re not sure if you can handle paying it back. Write down your monthly income and your monthly expenses. See if you have enough left over to pay for a loan. You may have to pay the loan rather quickly if you get a quick-cash advance. On the other hand, you may be able to grab hold of a good installment loan. You still need to be able to pay it back without breaking yourself or needing more money.

3. Compare Several Lenders

Don’t ever put all of your hope into one provider. You should examine at least three providers and thoroughly compare them before you apply for a loan with bad credit. The three things you need to pay the most attention to are their consumer reviews, their tenure and their fees. Their fees could be damaging to your financial health, so you have to be very careful with it.

4. Use a Loan Calculator

loan calculator will help you to see how much you will have to pay each cycle. It’s an important tool because it can help you decide whether you have enough resources to take a loan and succeed with the repayment. Use it while you are examining your options. You may find that it makes you want to choose a different provider from the one that you originally had in mind.

5. Contact the Lender Before You Apply

Finally, contact the lender before you apply. Ask someone what the qualifying score range is and try to get a definitive answer. That way, you won’t waste a hard inquiry on something that you probably won’t get.

Many more tips and strategies are available when you have bad credit. Try these first, though, and see if they help you.

How-to Decorate Your House With Antique Furniture

The decor and style of your home is a reflection of your personality and taste. If you want to create a cozy and inviting setting, consider decorating your house with antique furniture that has plenty of character. If you want it to complement the environment and look beautiful in each room, there are a few ways to decorate your house with the furnishings.

Mix the Antiques with Modern Accessories

Many people assume that antique furniture doesn’t work well in a modern environment, but modern and antique features have plenty of chemistry when paired together, according to Consider using antique accent chairs in the living room where there are modern decor items on display. You can also use an antique dining table and pair it with contemporary chairs to create plenty of visual appeal.

Use Pieces from Different Eras

Prevent the setting from looking too uniform by using antique furniture items from different eras. Many people make the mistake of using pieces that look similar, which can look dull. Layer your home with items from various periods to create a comfortable setting that doesn’t feel like a museum. Mingling with different styles will make the house look less uniform by doing too much of one thing.

Make it the Focal Point

Don’t be afraid to pair an antique claw bathtub with a chic vanity if you want to make the vintage furniture the focal point in the room. Choosing an item from the 19th century will make it stand out and more eye-catching when it’s the only antique piece in the room, according to

Reupholster the Furniture

If you want to update the antique furniture and make it more functional in your home, consider reupholstering a loveseat or chair that you purchased. You’ll create a rustic look that still blends in with the design of the rest of the home. You can also consider sanding down and restaining some of the wood on pieces that are worn down and have lost their beauty. You can vamp up the look of the item and bring it back to life to make it stand out in the entryway or living room.

Keep Everything Close

Instead of keeping your antique furniture out of reach in rooms that aren’t used, place everything in common areas of the home that are frequented to ensure that it’s seen and appreciated. It’ll make for an excellent conversation piece that allows you to enjoy the items that you purchase.

Decorating your home with antique furniture doesn’t have to be intimidating. With the right tips followed, you’ll create a beautiful setting that has a high level of visual appeal.

4 Safety Issues to Consider When Designing a Laboratory Setup

It is essential for all developing countries to promote a safety culture by all means. The best thing that they should do is to understand the chemical cycle in the laboratory from their manufacture until their disposal. The following are some of the safety issues that should be considered when designing a laboratory setup.


Management of hazardous waste


All laboratory technicians should fully comprehend and be aware of several things that involve the chemical life cycle within the facility such as how they are delivered after being purchased, stored, converted into waste, used, packaged, treated and disposed of.


When the technicians can understand the above things, safety will be promoted inside and outside the laboratory. This way, the lives of the residents nearby will not be put at risk. Also, complying with the measures will aid in cost containment.


Regulations and codes


The renovation and construction of laboratories are regulated by local and state laws that incorporate acceptable standard practices that are set out unvarying codes. These regulations are administered at a county, municipal or a regional level.


Some of these codes requirements affecting many laboratory construction projects include the following


• Control of dangerous/hazardous gases


• Building heights that are interdependent on the chemical usage


• Emergency power supply to maintain crucial life-safety systems, e.g., fire detection


• Ventilation and fire prevention


Any project that is set up must comply fully with fire, building, plumbing, mechanical and electrical codes.


Chemical vapor emission control


Large laboratories are bound to emitting immense amounts of gases some of which are known as HAPs (hazardous air pollutants.) Many of these vapors are dangerous and harmful to people’s health and the environment. For this reason, before setting up a laboratory, it is crucial to design an appropriate means of dealing with vapor emissions.


During designing of laboratories, developing strategies to treat vapors emitted from fume chambers has become a daunting task. Therefore, this is an issue that should be dealt with at the early stages before even starting the laboratory construction. Designers should ensure that there is a space left that will adequately accommodate emission control technology in future.


Liquid effluent control


It is easier to deal with fluid effluent compared to gaseous emissions. However, this does not mean that liquid effluent control measures should be taken lightly. During laboratory designing, designers should note that sinks are not used anymore for hazardous laboratory waste disposal. Instead, the liquid effluent should pass inside a system made to neutralize acids to adjust their pH thus controlling environmental pollution.


The above safety issues should be adhered to when designing a laboratory setup. By so doing, the technicians will prevent having trouble with the local government, and most importantly, peoples’ safety will be upheld.

4 Questions to Ask About Prescription Side Affects

The human body is incredibly complicated, so it is fairly common for medications to have side effects. Most of them are minor, since few medications that have serious side effects are approved for use unless they treat a similarly serious disease. They can still have an impact on the patient regardless of the scale of the side effects, so there are a few questions you should ask about them before you take a prescription medication.

Mixing Medications

Some side effects only occur when one medicine is mixed with another. In other cases, they can react with certain foods or other substances. That means it is vital to ask about any potential interactions between a medicine that you have been prescribed and any other medicines that you are taking. That applies both to other prescription treatments and over-the-counter medicines, since both can cause side effects. In some cases, you may also need to keep an eye on your diet to make sure that there are no unintended reactions. When in doubt, be sure to ask your doctor to be thorough in describing the potential reactions, and never forget to list a medication that you are taking when asked.

How Common Are They?

Not everybody experiences the same side effects from the same treatment. Most of them only happen rarely, and the experiments that tested the medicine to see if it could be used should have revealed the frequency of each of them. You should look up that information if you are concerned by any of the possible side effects of a medication. Manufacturers usually list all of the side effects that they saw during the trials, but many of them will have happened so rarely that the average user will not need to worry about them.

What Are The Risk Factors?

It is possible for personal risk factors to change the odds of side effects. For example, a medication that makes the body absorb a certain substance more easily will only have an impact on people who are exposed to that substance. When this is the case, you may be able to change your lifestyle in order to reduce the odds of experiencing any of the side effects of a medication.

Are Any Beneficial?

It may be strange to think of a beneficial side effect, but there are times when medications are prescribed for a side effect rather than for their primary use. This is relatively common in cases where the medication can have an impact on the patient’s mental state, since it can be hard to develop new medications that specifically target those issues. Side effects that help with physical ailments are rarer, but they do exist, and they can also be a vital tool for doctors.

4 Reasons to Have Your Home’s Furnace Checked Yearly

A lot of people don’t really think very much about their furnaces until something goes wrong with them. However, it’s a good idea to have your home’s furnace checked on a yearly basis, even if you haven’t been having any problems with it. These are a few reasons why this can be a good idea for any homeowner.

1. Make it Last Longer

First of all, you probably want for your furnace to last as long as possible without the need for expensive repairs or without having to be replaced prematurely. One good way that you can help ensure that your furnace lasts for a long time is by having it checked out on a regular basis. If you have a professional come out and check out your furnace yearly, he or she can check for any problems and can make repairs as necessary. Then, you can help ensure that your furnace is able to stay in good condition for as long as possible.

2. Maintain Your Warranty

Another reason why it’s a good idea to have your furnace checked out regularly is so that you can ensure that you maintain your warranty. If your furnace is currently under warranty, you probably want to preserve that warranty for as long as possible. Then, you can avoid being responsible for repairs that the manufacturer should cover. If you check the information about your furnace’s warranty, you might find that you are required to have it checked out on an annual basis. If this is the case, you’ll probably need to have this done by a professional if you want to avoid having your warranty voided out.

3. Ensure It’s Safe

Even though modern furnaces are designed to have certain safety features and to be safe, things can still go wrong. If you have your furnace checked out, you can help ensure that it’s in good shape and that it won’t put you, your family or your house at risk.

4. Save Money on Your Heating Bills

You probably want to spend as little as possible on your heating bills during the winter. If you have your furnace checked out by a professional, you can help ensure that it runs as efficiently as possible. This can help you keep your home warm and cozy during the winter without having to pay more than necessary for your heating bills.

As you can see, there are quite a few reasons why it’s a good idea to have your home’s furnace checked out on an annual basis. If you contact a local heating and air conditioning company, you can find out more about having your furnace checked out by a professional. Then, you can make a point to have this done each year.

Can you write a check to yourself to get cash at WalMart?

Walmart gained a reputation as one of the top retail stores in the world. Everything from clothing to sporting goods to food can be purchased beyond the doors of a local Walmart. While mostly everyone knows Walmart stands as a retail giant, few know about a number of the other services the store offers. Somewhat overlooked may be the check cashing services Walmart provides.

Upon learning that Walmart cashes checks, you may be wondering “Can I make a check out to myself and cash it?” A quick review of Walmart’s rules regarding check cashing reveals the answer.

Personal Checks Not Accepted

The short answer here is personal checks cannot be cashed. Neither personal checks you make out to yourself or checks others make out to you are acceptable. Walmart lists six types of checks that can be cashed at any one of the store’s registers. Personal checks do not appear on the list. Checks from government agencies, employer payroll checks, 401(k) disbursement checks, settlement checks from insurance companies, and cashiers’ checks.

Technically, cashiers’ checks could be cashed if you made one out to yourself but this would be an odd thing to do. You must purchase a cashiers’ check with a cash advance from a credit card or a cash withdrawal from a checking or savings account. Any with access to cash from another source wouldn’t need to get cash from a personal check.

Additionally, Walmart will cash MoneyGram money orders. These money orders would need to be ones purchased at a Walmart location, though. Buying a MoneyGram money order elsewhere would nullify the ability to cash it out.

Concerns Over Personal Checks

Likely, Walmart won’t cash a personal check due to worries about the check coming from an account with insufficient funds. Bouncing a check made out for cash could create a lot of legal woes for the person who does it. In addition to paying fees for bouncing the check and repaying the cashed-out money, you could face criminal charges for passing a bad check. Walmart’s rules allow for cashing a check up to a maximum amount of $5,000. Cashing out several thousand dollars on a bounced check could lead to an arrest and felony charges.

Seek Out Other Options

While making out a check to yourself won’t be accepted at Walmart, other venues will cover this type of check cashing. Check local business directories to find the nearest check cashing agency. Walmart, however, cannot provide any help.


5 Ways to Establish Credit

Your credit history allows lenders to have an insight into how responsible you are when it comes to managing your money. Your credit standing will ultimately determine how much you pay in interest and the types of loans that you have access to in the future. If you want to establish your credit, there are a few important steps to take.

1. Apply for a Secured Credit Card

Secured credit cards are ideal for those who don’t have credit and need to start somewhere. They are used for short-term use and require you to make a cash deposit before making different types of purchases. The cash is used as collateral and will allow you to begin building credit to ensure that you can move on to apply for an unsecured credit card, according to Make the payments for several months before applying for a secured card.

2. Become an Authorized User on a Credit Card

Begin to establish credit by asking a spouse or a family member to become an authorized user on their credit card. You can have access to the card and will be able to build your credit without being legally responsible for repaying the charges. You can come to an agreement on the terms of your usage of the card and can agree to repay the money in full to the cardholder.

3. Request a Credit Limit Increase

According to, you can request a credit limit increase once you pay off some of the debt that you’ve acquired and decrease how much you utilize your credit cards. Shoot for less than 30 percent of credit card utilization to keep your credit card in good standing before you make the request. Avoid increasing your credit limit if you have a high balance, which can increase your risk of acquiring new debt.

4. Take Out an Auto Installment Loan

Applying for an auto loan will allow you to build credit while purchasing a new car and can significantly increase your credit score. Shop around for a good deal and review the terms carefully.

You can obtain an auto loan through the dealership or apply for one ahead of time through a bank or financial institution.

5. Establish Good Habits

Building credit will require you to establish good habits with managing the debt that you acquire. Make the payments on time or early and pay more than the required balance. You’ll also want to avoid closing any accounts, which can reduce the length of time that you’ve had credit history. Avoid opening too many credit cards and only make purchases that you can afford to repay quickly.


How to Keep Your Portable Storage Unit Organized

It is important for you to keep everything inside of your portable storage unit organized. It will be a lot easier for you to find what you need if everything is in the right place. There are a number of things that you will need to do in order to organize your storage unit and keep it that away.

Pick the Right Storage Unit 

One of the keys to keeping your belongings organized is to pick the unit that best fits your needs. Keep in mind that it is better to have a unit that is too big rather than too small. You should make a list of everything that you will be putting inside of your storage unit. This will make it easier for you to select the storage unit that is right for you.

Label Everything

Labeling your storage items will make it easier for you to find them when you need them. It is best for you to use labels instead of writing directly on the boxes. Use a permanent black marker on your labels in order to prevent the words from fading.

Place Your Most-Used Items at the Front

There are few things that are more frustrating than looking for something and discovering that you are unable to find it. The items that you will need the most should be put at the front of your storage unit. You will also need to put your heaviest items at the bottom.

Clean out Your Storage Unit Regularly

You should treat your storage unit the same way that you would treat your home. It is important to sweep and clean out your storage unit regularly. It is a good idea to do this at least once a week. You will also need to clean out the storage unit after you have finished using it.

Prevent Mold and Mildew From Building Up

It is easy for mold and mildew to accumulate in an enclosed space like a portable storage unit. Mold and mildew can ruin your belongings, but there are some things that you can do in order to prevent this from happening. Do not put your items too close together. You may also want to consider using plastic bins instead of cardboard bins.

Mold is less likely to develop in a plastic bin. You may also want to add a moisture absorber to the bins. Both mold and mildew require moisture in order to grow.