It is essential for all developing countries to promote a safety culture by all means. The best thing that they should do is to understand the chemical cycle in the laboratory from their manufacture until their disposal. The following are some of the safety issues that should be considered when designing a laboratory setup.
Management of hazardous waste
All laboratory technicians should fully comprehend and be aware of several things that involve the chemical life cycle within the facility such as how they are delivered after being purchased, stored, converted into waste, used, packaged, treated and disposed of.
When the technicians can understand the above things, safety will be promoted inside and outside the laboratory. This way, the lives of the residents nearby will not be put at risk. Also, complying with the measures will aid in cost containment.
Regulations and codes
The renovation and construction of laboratories are regulated by local and state laws that incorporate acceptable standard practices that are set out unvarying codes. These regulations are administered at a county, municipal or a regional level.
Some of these codes requirements affecting many laboratory construction projects include the following
• Control of dangerous/hazardous gases
• Building heights that are interdependent on the chemical usage
• Emergency power supply to maintain crucial life-safety systems, e.g., fire detection
• Ventilation and fire prevention
Any project that is set up must comply fully with fire, building, plumbing, mechanical and electrical codes.
Chemical vapor emission control
Large laboratories are bound to emitting immense amounts of gases some of which are known as HAPs (hazardous air pollutants.) Many of these vapors are dangerous and harmful to people’s health and the environment. For this reason, before setting up a laboratory, it is crucial to design an appropriate means of dealing with vapor emissions.
During designing of laboratories, developing strategies to treat vapors emitted from fume chambers has become a daunting task. Therefore, this is an issue that should be dealt with at the early stages before even starting the laboratory construction. Designers should ensure that there is a space left that will adequately accommodate emission control technology in future.
Liquid effluent control
It is easier to deal with fluid effluent compared to gaseous emissions. However, this does not mean that liquid effluent control measures should be taken lightly. During laboratory designing, designers should note that sinks are not used anymore for hazardous laboratory waste disposal. Instead, the liquid effluent should pass inside a system made to neutralize acids to adjust their pH thus controlling environmental pollution.
The above safety issues should be adhered to when designing a laboratory setup. By so doing, the technicians will prevent having trouble with the local government, and most importantly, peoples’ safety will be upheld.