4 Quick And Useful Knots To Know For Sailing

When first learning to sail, some of the most essential things to know are the different types of knots and what they are used for. Knots are very useful in many ways, for example you need knots to dock, anchor, and sail your boat. There are many types of helpful knots to learn, however, no need to feel overwhelmed; you can get by with learning only a few essential knots at first. Once you have mastered those you can move on to others.
Four quick and useful knots to start with are the bowline, clove hitch, cleat hitch, and the sheet bend.

Bowline
The bowline is one of the most popular knots used, it is a quick and simple knot that can be tied to a fixed object. You can also tie any two fixed lines together with this knot. Turning the end of your rope into a hoop makes this knot. It tightens under pressure but can also be untied easily when needed.

Clove Hitch
The clove hitch knot, though not as secure as the bowline, is another knot that is quick and simple but extremely useful at the same time. This knot is commonly used when docking, to hang the fenders over the side. The end of the line should be wrapped around the post you are attaching to. The line would then be crossed over it and wrapped again. The wrapped part of the rope is then slightly loosened; the end slipped under, and then just gives it a few pulls to make sure it is strong and secure.

Cleat Hitch
The cleat hitch knot has a variety of uses. Just as the name expresses, a cleat knot is simply a knot that attaches to a cleat to secure your boat. A cleat is a metal object that is typically attached to a dock in which a rope from a boat can be securely attached to. A cleat hitch knot’s uses include docking your boat, anchoring, and towing smaller vessels among a few.

Sheet Bend
A sheet bend knot is used to attach two lines together and is also used when a stronger knot is needed as reinforcement. First making a loop in one of the lines creates this knot with the working part over the standing part. Starting below the loop, feed the second line through the loop. The end is then passed behind the standing part of the first line. Pass the end over and through the loop and pull to tighten.

Although there are several commonly used knots while sailing, these four should get you started and on your way. The more practice you have using them the more comfortable you will be when it’s time to sail.

7 Ways to Prepare Your Car for the Cold Weather

Winter will be here before you know it. Depending on what area of the United States that you live you may encounter frigid temperatures, snow, and ice in the wintertime. Winter weather can be dangerous to drive in and can really do a number on your vehicle. Here are some tips to help you and your car get prepared for this weather:

 

 

  1. Check Your Coolant Levels: It is important to have the proper antifreeze and water mix to prevent the fluids from freezing in your radiator. Test to ensure this mix is accurate and top off fluids if necessary.
  2. Check and Change Oil: Some auto repair shops recommend a different oil viscosity depending on the weather. Check your car manual or with your local mechanic to ensure you have the proper oil for the temperatures in your area.
  3. Check/Change Wiper Fluid: Wiper fluid can freeze on your windshield during the winter months. Change out to a windshield washer formula that is formulated for the winter weather – some include a de-icer to help with ice formations.
  4. Inspect/Replace Tires: It is important to check tire pressure, tire tread and overall condition of your tires. Increase tire pressure if needed and if your tires are a little worse for wear – it may be time to get new ones. If you live in an area that receives a lot of snow, it may be best to get snow tires specifically for the wintertime.
  5. Check Battery: Cold weather can put a strain on your battery. Check all battery cable connections and have your battery tested to ensure it still is working properly.
  6. Keep De-Icer Nearby: During the cold wet weather, oftentimes car locks will freeze. It is important to get a tube of lock de-icer to have on hand. Don’t store it in your vehicle, as it will not be of help when the locks are iced over. It is wise to keep a tube in your purse, jacket pocket, and/or desk at work.
  7. Pack a Cold Weather Kit: Packing a cold weather kit in your car can be helpful if you ever have car trouble in the cold weather. The best items to keep in your emergency kit would be:
    1. Ice Scraper – helps de-ice your windows so you can see to drive
    2. Kitty Litter – can help with traction if you are having problems on the ice, plus it is good to have extra weight in your vehicle
    3. Road Flares – In case of an accident, road flares can help others see your vehicle
    4. Blanket, Extra Coat, Boots, Socks, etc. – It is always good to have extra warm items on hand in case you get stranded
    5. Flashlight with batteries – this will help if it gets dark
    6. Food and Water – something like protein bars, granola bars or nuts would be perfect to have on hand
    7. Tow rope – in case someone needs to tow you.
    8. Jumper cables – in case your car needs a jump
    9. Battery powered cell phone charger – to charge your phone in a hurry if you need to make an emergency call
    10. Snow shovel – Some people like to have a snow shovel in their vehicle. This can be helpful if stuck in the snow.

 

This winter, make sure you are prepared for any inclement weather by following these tips.

9 Tips for Finding the Perfect Wedding Dress for You

Before purchasing a wedding gown, many brides visit more than one salon – or visit one salon more than once before making a decision. If you are newly engaged and are in the planning stages, here are 9 tips that can help you find your perfect wedding dress.

 

  1. Set a budget: Set a budget and stick to it. Look at your financials and figure out how much you want to spend on your wedding gown and alterations. Don’t try on any wedding dresses that are above the maximum you are able to spend. Too many brides have fallen in love with a dress that is way outside of their budget. They either purchase and are in debt or pass on it and feel like they are settling. If you tell your consultant the max you are willing to spend – not a penny more, she should show you only gowns that are within your budget so that problem can be avoided.
  2. Shop 9-12 months ahead: Some gowns need to be ordered, and it can take anywhere from a couple of months to a year for the gown to be made. Time can vary greatly depending on the dressmaker. It is advised that you shop for and pick out your gown 9-12 months ahead of your big day to avoid any issues. If you have less time, your consultant can pull only dresses that she knows can be ordered in time or show you sample gowns which typically can be taken home same day. One downside to sample gowns is that sizes are typically limited as they are the dresses that people try on in stores. Another downside is that they may have small rips in them, broken zippers, makeup or dirt on them.
  3. Narrow down the fit: Have in mind the style of dress you are looking for. Look online at different styles (mermaid, A-line, ball gown, etc.) and narrow it down, so you can focus on those style dresses at your appointment.
  4. Make bridal salon appointments: Make one or two bridal salon appointments. There aren’t many places that allow walk-ins, so setting an appointment will ensure that you will have a consultant there to focus on helping you.
  5. Select your entourage carefully: Be careful on who you bring to your dress appointment. Bring people along that support you and will encourage you as you are trying on dresses. Don’t bring a long anyone that is highly opinionated or that doesn’t respect your judgment.
  6. Look the part: If you know you want to wear your hair up on your big day, wear your hair up to the bridal salon. Same thing if you know you want to wear your hair down. Putting on some makeup can be helpful too; especially if you know that you want to wear it to your wedding. Being somewhat put together can help give you an image on what you will look like on the day of your wedding.
  7. Bring undergarments and shoes: Bring the shoes that you want to wear on your big day to ensure you get the right length of dress. If you know what undergarments you want to wear under your dress, it would be good to bring those as well. If you don’t have shoes or undergarments yet, most bridal salons sell a selection.
  8. Keep an open mind: It doesn’t hurt to try on something a little out of your comfort zone or a style you are unsure about – you may find you’ll be surprised.

Take pictures: If you are torn between two dresses and want to sleep on the decision, have someone take a few photos of you in each dress that you can look back on later. The bonus of taking photos is you can see how well the dress photographs.

7 Ways the Construction Industry is Going Green

New Zealand has some of the highest environmental points in the world. With the help of the building industry, the United States can get there too. Thanks to many earth-conscious people in the construction industry, the business of building is beginning thinking green. Here are 7 fantastic ways the construction industry is going green.

Recycling Building Waste

Copper, steel, aluminum, plastics and other materials are recyclable. These materials are now more than ever recycled from construction sites. Instead of paying to haul these materials off to the dump, now construction companies can actually get money in exchange for the materials.

Using Sustainable Energy Sources

Wind turbines, rainwater harvesting, solar panels and more include the many amazing sustainable energy sources that can be used. The construction business has worked hard with smart individuals to come up with the best inventions for creating sustainable energy. Businesses and houses use up a lot of energy, sustainable energy sources saves money and the environment.

Resilient Design Plans

A couple of places in the United States suffer from major natural disasters. Places on the East Coast of the US suffer from Hurricanes. The west coast suffers from earthquakes, fires, mudslides and flooding. There are two ways the construction company’s help in these situations. First, the resilient design plans build with disasters in mind so the buildings can withstand these types of catastrophic events. The other help in this area is by building in any one of the many states in the US that have less activity in the ways of major natural disasters.

Sustainable Building Materials

Instead of buying brand new materials, construction companies are buying recycled materials. Reclaimed wood is a big trend right now. Reclaimed wood also looks absolutely beautiful. Reclaimed wood is simply wood that comes from old buildings or any source of wood that had been used before. Many businesses are saving money and helping by using recycled materials in their buildings.

ZNE Bildings

A Zero Net Energy building produces just as much energy as it uses. This way it is not taking from the environment but running alongside of it. In some cases, buildings end up producing more energy than they use.

Smaller is More Energy Efficient

The smaller the building built, the less energy used to light it, cool it, heat it and take care of it. By builders minimizing size and maximizing space, they save materials and overall energy.

Energy Saving Landscaping

Working with landscapers, builders can landscape homes, offices, and buildings to save the most amount of water and air condition and heat use.

The safety of our future is greatly improved thanks to the sustainable practices of some construction businesses.

5 Simple Ways to Learn about Genetic Disorders

Genetic disorders are diseases that are inherited. In some cases, the disorder can occur through a mutation, but this is extremely rare. Despite what comic books have depicted, such mutations are extremely common and do not result in super powers. Those mutations that do have an effect are usually harmful. In rare cases, beneficial mutations occur. Genetic disorders often occur because of the second type. A discussion of evolutionary genetics, however interesting, is not helpful for a person to learn about genetic disorders. What follows are a list of 5 simple ways a person can learn about genetics disorders.

1. Use the Internet 

The Internet is the modern version of the library. Many types of information can be found on the network of networks. Finding accurate information takes practice and experience. Because anyone can publish their ideas on the Internet, there are many places that abound with misinformation. Doing a simple search on Google is a good way, but apply some filters. Try typing “.edu genetic disorders” into the site. This takes the user to links with educational sites that are more likely to provide accurate information.

2. Ask a Local Librarian 

Libraries were once considered to be the main way of doing research before the Internet arrived. Academic libraries, particularly those belonging to a university are important resources. A librarian can guide a person to a category of books or to specific books about a specific genetic disorder.

3. Get pamphlets from a Doctor 

Asking a doctor, is only a good way to learn about genetic disorders if someone already has the disorder or has a friend or relative who suffers from the disorder. The latter is helpful if the person is a caregiver. Some genetic disorders strike people when they reach their golden years. Many doctors hand these pamphlets out automatically if someone is diagnosed with a particular condition.

4. Join a local support group 

This obviously applies only if someone actually has a genetic disorder. The people here often exchange tips, tricks, and share their stories about living with the illness. What can be learned from such places are the life experiences of the people who have a particular illness. People with Muscular dystrophy, for example, have a radically different experience than people with any of the Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, one type of which may not be genetic in origin, but there is no proof that it is not genetic.

5. Ask 

This does not mean that it is acceptable to ask random strangers about their conditions. This is generally considered rude, and most people consider it an invasion of their privacy. If, however, someone is willing to talk about their condition, it is okay to use this as an opportunity for education. Remember to be respectful.

5 Of the Largest Warehouses in the World

Did you know that it can take an individual more than 10 minutes to walk from one end of a warehouse facility to another? This is true considering the size of the largest warehouses in the world. Here are some of the five mind-blowing warehouses in the world.

1. Amazon Facility
Having to deal with thousands of transactions every day it would make perfect sense for such a business to have a massive storage facility to satisfy the demand and needs of its clientele. That is why Amazon occupies an 117,450 meters square facility in Dunfermline, Scotland. This enables the company to be one of the leading online retailers in the world.

2. Jean-Luc Lagarde Plant
Imagine the size of an aircraft and the space that you would need to assemble and store such a gigantic piece of machine. That is not a worry to Jean-Luc Lagarde plant since it owns a 1.32 million square feet warehouse facility to be able to produce the biggest airplanes in the world. The warehouse successfully houses the Airbus 380, assembled by the company at Toulouse, France.

3. Target Import Warehouse
Washington, USA is the home to one of the largest discount retailer businesses in the world tasked with the importation of numerous goods. The company partners with multiple medium-size warehouses across the country, which are served by the 2 million square feet facility located in Washington and acts as the core distributor.

4. John Deere, Illinois
The Warehouse is a fantastic piece of art stretching over 2.6 million sq. Ft. This enables the company to manufacture and distribute millions of household tools, parts, and equipment across the world every single day. This has also allowed the firm to expand its operations in thirty countries across the globe. Such massive production and distribution require enough space to shelter the warehouse.

5. Boeing Everett Warehouse
Imagine a single roof spreading across nearly 80 football pitches. It seems impossible, but this is the estimated size of the world’s most massive warehouse located in Washington, US. The facility is tasked with manufacturing airlines especially the Boeing 767, 777 and the mother of all the 787 Dreamliner. If you need to assemble such giants, then you will need to a have a 4.3 million square feet facility like what Boeing Everett factory operates.

It is not a doubt that some of the biggest manufacturing companies in the world also own the largest warehouse facilities across the globe. It is important to note that for a successful running of any business, production and distribution of goods requires an active warehouse facility.

 

6 Questions to Ask When Choosing a Car Shipping Company

You need to do your homework right before entrusting your vehicle to a shipping company regardless of whether you need it transported within your locality or across the country. Similarly, you don’t want to purchase a car outside the country and pay for a vague shipping company that will not deliver the car or a company that doesn’t handle cars in transit properly. Therefore, you want to carry out a background check on the shipping company before hiring it. These questions will help you settle for the right shipping company.

 

How do you calculate your rates?

 

Car shipping companies calculate their rates by considering certain factors, such as the car size, type of vehicle, and the shipping distance. Also, the shipping option, such as open and enclosed trailer you choose will determine the auto shipping costs. It is good to understand how the rates are calculated.

 

Does the shipping company ask for a deposit fee?

 

Some auto shipping companies require clients to pay an up-front deposit before their cars get loaded into the trailer. Unfortunately, this is not a good sign because the company might be facing financial troubles, which they are trying to solve using your hard-earned cash. However, a reliable auto shipping company will not require deposits because they charge clients once their cars have been loaded.

 

When will the vehicle be delivered?

 

You need to inquire from the auto shipping company about the length of time they take to deliver your vehicle. The delivery time depends on the distance and where you want the car delivered. Regardless of these factors, ensure that your auto shipping company gives you the exact time they will take to deliver the care so that you plan.

 

How will the company ship the car?

 

Shopping car companies use an array of transport options, such as transport trucks, single-vehicle and multi-vehicle. Therefore, you need to find out from the shipping company the option they will use to ship your car. After all, you want to be sure that the transport option is safe and favorable for your vehicle. In fact, some car shipping providers ship via planes, train or boat. Besides, the shipping option determines the cost of the service.

 

Is the company licensed and registered?

 

Car shipping companies that operate internationally are required to register with the relevant authorities to get a number that acknowledges that they meet the set standards. Additionally, international companies should also receive a license from a foreign licensing body. You need to be sure that the company you choose has the relevant licenses.

 

What is the insurance policy?

 

The question of insurance is one you should never assume when shopping for a car shipping company. Notably, your regular car insurance might not cover your car when it is in transit. Hence, ensure that you inquire about the company’s shipping insurance options as well as the charges of buying extra insurance to cover your car.

4 Reasons to Visit a Chiropractor on a Regular Basis

Many people consider seeing a chiropractor when they have some type of back pain or injury. Did you know that choosing to visit a chiropractor on a regular basis will help you enjoy a higher quality of health even if you don’t seem to have a specific issue? Consider these four reasons and decide if choosing to see your chiropractor several times a year would make a difference.

Adjustments As a Preventive Measure 

Health issues don’t always emerge with a variety of noticeable symptoms. A condition can develop and slowly increase for weeks or months before you suspect anything is wrong. The nice thing about seeing a chiropractor every two or three months is that an examination coupled with an adjustment or manipulation could identify that developing condition and stop it in its tracks. Think of the amount of discomfort and complications you can avoid if the problem is identified and treated early on.

Getting Sound Advice for Spinal Health 

A chiropractor can provide plenty of advice on how to correct posture issues that affect the spine. For example, the chiropractor suggest adjusting the chair you use at work so your knees are always lower than your hips. In like manner, learning to sit without slouching as you look at a computer monitor will also alleviate some of the pressure on the spine. You’ll be surprised at how these tips help you feel better.

Chiropractic Treatments and Your Emotional Health 

Something as simple as regular adjustments to the neck can ease some of the pressure that’s applied to the upper cervical spine found within that part of the body. Dealing with tension carried in the neck and the upper back releases endorphins that improve mood while also minimizing the potential for minor aches and pains to impact your emotional health. The result is you are more likely to experience even moods that are free of anxiety or bouts of depression.

Maintaining a Health Digestive System 

Chiropractic care in based on the conviction that the state of the patient’s nervous system can reveal a lot about his or her state of health. This also means the chiropractor will be on the lookout for signs indicating a certain type of manipulation or adjustment would promote proper function of everything from the mind to the digestive system. It’s not unusual for people with digestive issues to find that a trip to the chiropractor every couple of months eases stomach tension and reduces gastrointestinal distress.

These are only a few of the reasons to make chiropractic care a regular part of your ongoing effort to remain healthy. Think about how you feel in general and then consider trying one visit to see what happens. You could find that the results of that one round of treatment for anything from a stuffy nose to feeling a little drained at the end of the day is not something you must live with.

5 Vitamins To Help Improve Your Memory

Memory loss is a common concern for those approaching old age. The thought of losing your mental sharpness is scary, and diseases such as Alzheimer’s and dementia are even more terrifying. Luckily, studies are starting to show links between certain vitamins and the prevention or treatment of memory loss.

Curcumin

A UCLA study has shown the benefits from curcumin, a substance that is found in tumeric. The study found that when consumed by people who are suffering from mild, age-related memory loss, curcumin will cause an improvement in memory and mood. Tumeric is commonly consumed naturally through curry, which could be why India’s seniors have lower rates of Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers are still unsure of the reason for this, but a probable cause is curcumin’s natural ability to decrease brain inflammation.

Acetyl-L-Carnitine

Your body naturally provides you with this amino acid that helps produce energy. When taken as a supplement, though, it can help treat a wide range of diseases. Studies have shown that it may decrease memory loss in patients with Alzheimer’s, and it may also benefit those with the standard memory loss that results from old age.

Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo biloba is an herb that many people use as an aide for memory loss prevention. According to WebMD, though, it may not be all that it is cracked up to be. One study showed that the supplement has no effect on brain function, but there are long-term studies that will be able to confirm or deny the benefits of ginkgo biloba upon their completion. Other studies find that it can also be as helpful as prescription drugs for patients in the early stages of Alzheimer’s, and can also improve mood, alertness, and mental ability when consumed by people who are healthy. Always make sure to check with your doctor before taking this supplement because it is a blood thinner and also affects insulin and blood sugar levels.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E has been shown to improve the mind of older people as well as helping those with Alzheimer’s. It can be found naturally in foods such as nuts, seeds, and certain fruits and vegetables. Vitamin E can be unsafe when it is consumed in high amounts, so be sure to consult a medical professional if you are interested in taking vitamin E supplements.

Vitamin B-12

Though a higher than average intake of B-12 has not been shown to improve brain function, a deficiency of it can cause memory loss, among many other symptoms. Vitamin B-12 deficiencies are most common in vegetarians and those of older age. This vitamin can be consumed through animal products and fortified breakfast cereals, so make sure to include enough of these foods in your diet.

Though research has not yet pointed to one miracle vitamin that cures all memory problems, scientists are currently working on studies to find just how effective these supplements can be. When consumed in proper amounts, there are no risks to taking these vitamins. So if it puts your aging mind at ease, there is no reason to stop yourself from investing in some.

5 Points To Remember When Operating A Franchise Restaurant

Investing in a franchise can alleviate much of the risk of starting a new business, but success may be far from certain for many franchise operations. Proper planning, careful decision making and understanding the efforts involved in restaurant operation can all be essential for ensuring success as a franchise owner. Business owners who know what to expect and those who remember the following points when operating their franchise may be able to avoid or even eliminate many of the most serious obstacles and missteps which can threaten their business.

1. Choosing the Right Franchise 

Owners who fail to choose a franchise that fits their interests and individual strengths could be making a disastrous mistake. Management styles, available resources and long-term business goals are all concerns that need to be taken into account before selecting a franchise to invest in. Prospective owners who fail to make this decision with due care and consideration may be placing themselves in a very tricky situation.

2. Consulting with an Attorney 

Franchise agreements that are overly strict can bind the hands of business owners who may require a little flexibility in order to better manage their operation or situation. Speaking with a lawyer before agreeing to a franchise agreement is always a smart move. Owners may be able to find more gray area and room to operate within a franchise contract than they might have expected.

3. Always Consider the Needs of the Customers 

While regional and even national franchises offer the benefit of being a known commodity, even minor differences among customer populations can make a difference. The needs, tastes and habits of their customers and how they may differ from the expected norm are something that all franchise owners need to take into account. Even the most established franchise may be unable to succeed should restaurant owners loose sight of their customer’s needs.

4. Selecting the Right Location 

The wrong location can doom a restaurant to failure before it ever opens its doors. A little research and additional planning can go a long way towards ensuring that future owners are able to identify and select the sites that will be most suitable for their franchise operation. Basing a business in the wrong area or part of town could result in far more significant problems than many owners might imagine.

5. Addressing Future Issues as They Arise 

No contract agreement, standing policies or operational guidelines can account for every eventuality. Being able to adapt to changing circumstances or to better utilize evolving customer trends are points that should never be overlooked when operating a franchise restaurant. Ensuring that any long-term concerns or ongoing issues are able to be effectively addressed or managed can be a critical step in ensuring the future success of a franchise restaurant.