How to Become an Anesthesiologist

An anesthesiologist is a type of physician who specializes in administering anesthesia to a patient before, during, and after a surgical procedure. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, demand for this profession is expected to grow by 13 percent by 2026. Anesthesiologists earn an average annual salary of more than $265,000.

Anesthesiologists are responsible for interviewing the patient prior to a surgical procedure to develop an appropriate pain management plan, understanding the complications and side effects associated with his or her medical condition, managing a patient’s recovery after surgery, and providing pain relief during the procedure itself. Anesthesiologists administer general anesthesia, which induces a state of complete unconsciousness; local anesthesia, which numbs just a small part of the body; and regional anesthesia, which blocks pain from affecting a larger area such as the legs or the torso. They may provide a combination of these methods. If you’re interested in this high-paying and sought-after profession, these are the steps you need to take.

1. Enroll in an undergraduate pre-med program. 
While the major you choose for your college career doesn’t necessarily affect your admission to medical school, it’s important to make sure that you complete the science and math prerequisites you’ll need for your advanced degree. According to the American Society of Anesthesiologists, you must complete a course of study that includes classes in calculus, general and organic chemistry, biology, and physics.

2. Complete medical school.
After successfully completing your undergraduate degree, your next challenge is four years in medical school. This graduate education will lead to a doctoral degree in medicine (M.D.) or osteopathy (D.O.). While in medical school, you’ll be exposed to various specialty areas during your clinical experience.

3. Complete an anesthesiology residency.
Medical school graduates must complete a residency in their chosen specialty area before becoming licensed to practice medicine independently. To become board-certified in anesthesiology, your residency program must consist of a year of general medical, pediatric, or surgical training, then three years of specialized anesthesiology training.

4. Complete a fellowship.
If you’re interested in pursuing a subspecialty within anesthesiology, such as cardiology, pediatrics, obstetrics, neuroanesthesiology, critical care, or pain management, you’ll need to do a one-year fellowship in that area.

5. Become board certified.
To practice as an anesthesiologist in most states, you’ll need to sit for the exams given by the American Board of Anesthesiology. Upon successfully completing these written and oral exams, you’ll be certified as an anesthesiologist.


5 Great Finance Tips for Buying Your First Car

Buying your first car is exciting, but it’s a learning process you won’t soon forget. It’s a lot of work, a lot of effort, and it can be a headache if you don’t know what to expect when you are looking for your new car. The best advice you can get before you go to a dealer and look for your first car is to know what you’re getting into when financing a new car. Here is some advice that might help.

Check Your Credit

Before you apply for any financing, check your credit and fix any mistakes. You must have a high credit score to get the best rates and the best deals, and that’s why you must take it upon yourself to check your score. This is available free of charge one time every year from each of the major credit bureaus.

Make a Down Payment

If you hear someone tell you they didn’t make a down payment on their car, do not be impressed. Down payments are imperative if you want to make your payments more affordable and you want to drive off with a little equity. Cars depreciate the moment you drive them off the lot for the first time, and a down payment can keep you from being upside down on your vehicle while you own it.

Get Your Own Financing

Never use a dealer’s financing. They are not in the market to save you money or even bother looking for the best rates. They use their own companies, they have partnerships with banks and lenders, and they’re not in the game to make your deal worthwhile to you. They work with who they work with, and that means you might not get your best available rate. Check with your bank or credit union to see if you can get your own financing prior to shopping for a car.

Know the Cost of Maintenance 

You should know what your car will cost you before you buy it, and maintenance is one of the things you must be aware of. Not all cars cost the same to fix or repair, and you must know what you’re getting into before you go home in a new car. Can you afford to pay $150 for an oil change, or is a $29 oil change more your style? Know these things in advance.

Don’t Spend More Than You’re Comfortable Spending 

Even if a lender tells you a $50,000 vehicle is in your budget doesn’t mean you need to spend that much. If you want to keep your payment lower and only spend $30,000, only spend as much as you feel comfortable spending. It’s your choice, and no one can tell you to spend more than you feel comfortable spending.

Buying a new car can be intimidating, but it’s also worthwhile. Let your finances stay on track by working hard to ensure you’re getting the kind of car you want without spending too much. You have the power, and now is the time to use it.


5 Common Packing Mistakes and How to Avoid Them (for a move)

Moving into a new home is something many people look forward to, but the moving process itself is never anyone’s favorite part of the move. It’s tedious and time-consuming, and many people find it hard to part with things they’ve had forever despite not using them in years. The art of packing for a move is delicate, and it’s why you cannot make these five common mistakes.

Mistake: You Don’t Have A Plan

Don’t go into packing haphazardly and without a plan. You must have a plan of action, a way to make the packing easier, and a way to keep track of items. You should create a plan, write it down, and check it off as you go. It’s what makes the situation easier and more streamlined.

Mistake: You Don’t Pack Correctly

Throwing whatever fits into a box so you don’t waste space is not the best packing method around. It’s best to keep boxes labeled with room names such as “Kitchen,” “Master Bathroom,” and “Office,” and only place items from those rooms in those boxes. Doing this allows movers to know where to put the boxes when they come into your new home so you can unpack faster and more efficiently.

Mistake: You Procrastinate

The moment you know you’re moving, start packing. Even if your house is going on the market in two weeks and you don’t know when you’re moving, start packing. Get rid of what you don’t need, pack what you can’t use right now, and start downsizing your belongings. You’re moving into a new home, and taking old items you don’t need, want, or use is pointless. Start packing immediately. It makes the entire move easier.

Mistake: You Don’t Pack the Essentials Separately

When you move into your new home, you’re going to need a few things right away. Towels for showers, shower supplies, your coffee pot and mugs, and a few other items you cannot go a day without are all necessities. Keep them in their own box marked “Need Right Away” and put it where it’s easily accessible. After a long day of moving, you’ll be relieved these are where you can find them.

Mistake: You Refuse Help 

You cannot move by yourself. Whether you allow friends and family to help you with this process or you simply hire a professional, you do need help. It’s a big job, and doing it on your own is never a good idea. Be efficient, and ask for help or hire help to make the move easier.

Moving can be a stressful situation when you think about it, but these tips can help you remove some of the stress and make it easier as a whole. Make a list, check it twice, and be sure you’re covering yourself in every situation. You’ll be surprised how much simpler it is to move when you have a plan.


5 Ways to Improve Your Nonprofit

You should always be actively improving your nonprofit organization. Whether you are a charity, I trade association, a church, or any other nonprofit, there are several ways for you to make improvements.

Update Your Logo
Your logo is a part of your brand. The colors, shapes, and designs will impact how people view your organization. It is important to consider what your logo says and how it will make people feel. When you want to increase your membership or increase awareness about what your organization does inside your community, your logo needs to speak for itself.

Expand Your Board of Directors
The Board of Directors for your nonprofit is responsible for making key decisions. If you have the same people on your board you’re after year, there may be a significant amount of stagnancy. You should look at expanding your board to include new members of the community. This new blood may be exactly what your board needs in order to develop new thoughts and create new ideas. It may be what’s needed to take your organization to the next level.

You may also want to consider updating your bylaws to minimize the number of years a person can serve on the board or within a particular position.

Utilize Direct Marketing
There are all sorts of ways for you to fundraiser for your nonprofit. Fundraising is what will often give you the money to build awareness and do good for the community.

Direct marketing allows you to cut out the middleman and go directly to consumers. It is often more affordable. Particularly with a nonprofit, it also allows you to share your message with the people who would be providing you with the funds. You can take a more personal approach, which is more likely to get people to connect with the message so that they will donate.

Get Connected with Social Media
Facebook, Twitter, and other social media platforms are a great way to get the word out about your nonprofit. People can’t support you if they don’t know about you. Profiles are free to create. You can then share information about what is going on, such as a special event or an upcoming fundraiser.

Build on Your Mission Statement
Your mission statement may be outdated or not cohesive enough for people to know what you are all about. Consider revising it so that people can read it and instantly know what your goals are.

Your nonprofit is there to do good. Now, you have to look at incorporating a few ideas to ensure everyone else knows that it’s there to do good, too. Tell people how they can help and you may be surprised by how many choose to get involved.

The Most Common Orthopedic Questions Asked and Answered

Orthopedics is a medical specialty that deals with the bones, joints and the spine. It is a field that has experience remarkable advances that have improved mobility and quality of life for millions of people around the world. It is likely that most people will receive some sort of orthopedic treatment at some time in their lives. Here are some common questions, with answers, about this important area of healthcare.

What Conditions Does the Orthopedic Specialty Treat?
Orthopedics deals with a variety of conditions, including back problems, osteoarthritis of the joints, neck pain, hip fractures, shoulder pain, joint injuries, foot pain, bursitis and medical conditions that involve widespread discomfort, such as fibromyalgia and rheumatic arthritis.

How Do Orthopedists Treat Back Pain?
Medications, back supports, modification of activities and osteopathic manipulation can help relieve back pain. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged discs and bones.

What Treatments Are Available For Knee Injuries?
Surgery to repair tears in ligaments and the meniscus are done on a regular basis by orthopedic surgeons. Damage to the knee joint caused by osteoarthritis can be treated with anti-inflammatory medications, injections and physical therapy, but may require joint replacement, when these treatments no longer provide sufficient relief.

What Treatments Are Available for Shoulder Injuries?
Medications, physical therapy and injections can help improve shoulder joint problems. Rotator cuff injuries are a common problem that can often be helped with a surgical procedure that removes damaged tissue and improves shoulder joint function.

What Is Joint Replacement Surgery?
Joint replacement surgery is a procedure in which certain joints of the body are removed and replaced with prosthetic devices made of special metals and plastic that function like the natural joint. These surgeries are done frequently in the United States and around the world to restore normal mobility.

How Do Patients Know When Joint Replacement Is Necessary?
Generally, your orthopedic physician will provide a number of non-surgical treatments to manage joint pain and mobility problems, such as anti-inflammatory medications, bracing, minor surgical repairs or steroid injections. However, if joint damage is severe, and these remedies no longer provide relief, your physician will recommend joint replacement.

If you have had an injury that involves the bones or have been diagnosed with a disease that affects the bones, you will benefit from treatment by a trained orthopedic physician. This area of medicine continues to enjoy many new developments in surgical procedures and treatments that can relieve pain and improve physical function. Talk to your primary care physician to determine if orthopedic treatment would help you to regain full mobility and relief from discomfort.

The Impact Antennas Have Had on Space Exploration

Exploring the deep, dark outskirts of the universe would be impossible without the use of antennas.

From the introduction of commercial radio to the invention of smart antennas, the importance of antennas has only grown. While functionality has increased, it could be argued it’s actually the profound impact antennas have had in space exploration which has allowed the technology to continue to advance.

While the 1957 launch of Sputnik 1, humanity’s first satellite, was the first instance of antennas actually entering space, it wasn’t their first jolt in the arena. The history of antennas in the field of space exploration goes as far back as 1932 and the accidental invention of radio telescopes.

By the end of World War II, astronomers were using antennas to survey the galaxy. In many ways, this is what began our step into the abyss of the cosmos.

Sputnik 1 may have been the first occurrence of antennas in the void, but it certainly isn’t the most impressive.

NASA’s Voyager spacecrafts are the only objects humanity has in interstellar space, the area between stars. At over 10 billion miles from Earth, without the use of their antennas, transmissions of Voyager data would never reach Earth, and instructions for the systems’ thrusters would, in turn, never reach the spacecrafts.

The Voyager mission was instrumental in helping to define what the NASA Deep Space Network (DSN) has become. As the spacecrafts continued to move further away from Earth, larger and more advanced antennas were essential to the DSN’s success. Without the antennas that make up the DSN, humanity’s exploration into the space beyond our solar system wouldn’t be possible.

Antennas are essential to communication and, thus, continue to be prevalent in future space exploration. For example, TESS (Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite) will utilize its unique antenna to transmit data from its search in the nearby galaxy for Earth-like and Super Earth-like planets. The Mars 2020 rover is going to be equipped with several small, omni-directional antennas, allowing for communication with Earth and the other Mars rovers. With the continuing development of commercial space exploration, companies are testing new satellite antenna setups all the time. It seems the bond between antennas and space exploration will continue to be tight.

Whether it’s communication from personnel to personnel or between a computer and an unmanned spacecraft in interstellar space, space exploration is something which requires the ability to communicate efficiently. Through this necessity, antennas will continue to grow smaller, more powerful, and more precise.

Exploring the deepest recesses of space is a job that antennas will continue to have a lasting impact on.

5 Tips for Applying for a Loan with Bad Credit

Bad credit can put a damper on your progress when you’re trying to get an approval for a loan. Fortunately, there are some steps you can take to make your experience progress a little more smoothly so that you can get the funds you need. Here are five tips for applying for a loan with bad credit:

1. Check Your Exact Credit Score

The first thing that you should do before you apply for any loan is to check your credit score. You can obtain free copies of your credit score by visiting each of the credit bureaus, or you can obtain such scores by going to a site like that offers all three at the same time. That will give you a good picture of what’s exactly on your credit report. You should try to get your exact score too because many lenders approve and deny by scores.

2. Examine Your Personal Finance

The next thing you’ll need to do after you check your credit report looks at your finances. It makes no sense to apply for a loan if you’re not sure if you can handle paying it back. Write down your monthly income and your monthly expenses. See if you have enough left over to pay for a loan. You may have to pay the loan rather quickly if you get a quick-cash advance. On the other hand, you may be able to grab hold of a good installment loan. You still need to be able to pay it back without breaking yourself or needing more money.

3. Compare Several Lenders

Don’t ever put all of your hope into one provider. You should examine at least three providers and thoroughly compare them before you apply for a loan with bad credit. The three things you need to pay the most attention to are their consumer reviews, their tenure and their fees. Their fees could be damaging to your financial health, so you have to be very careful with it.

4. Use a Loan Calculator

loan calculator will help you to see how much you will have to pay each cycle. It’s an important tool because it can help you decide whether you have enough resources to take a loan and succeed with the repayment. Use it while you are examining your options. You may find that it makes you want to choose a different provider from the one that you originally had in mind.

5. Contact the Lender Before You Apply

Finally, contact the lender before you apply. Ask someone what the qualifying score range is and try to get a definitive answer. That way, you won’t waste a hard inquiry on something that you probably won’t get.

Many more tips and strategies are available when you have bad credit. Try these first, though, and see if they help you.

How-to Decorate Your House With Antique Furniture

The decor and style of your home is a reflection of your personality and taste. If you want to create a cozy and inviting setting, consider decorating your house with antique furniture that has plenty of character. If you want it to complement the environment and look beautiful in each room, there are a few ways to decorate your house with the furnishings.

Mix the Antiques with Modern Accessories

Many people assume that antique furniture doesn’t work well in a modern environment, but modern and antique features have plenty of chemistry when paired together, according to Consider using antique accent chairs in the living room where there are modern decor items on display. You can also use an antique dining table and pair it with contemporary chairs to create plenty of visual appeal.

Use Pieces from Different Eras

Prevent the setting from looking too uniform by using antique furniture items from different eras. Many people make the mistake of using pieces that look similar, which can look dull. Layer your home with items from various periods to create a comfortable setting that doesn’t feel like a museum. Mingling with different styles will make the house look less uniform by doing too much of one thing.

Make it the Focal Point

Don’t be afraid to pair an antique claw bathtub with a chic vanity if you want to make the vintage furniture the focal point in the room. Choosing an item from the 19th century will make it stand out and more eye-catching when it’s the only antique piece in the room, according to

Reupholster the Furniture

If you want to update the antique furniture and make it more functional in your home, consider reupholstering a loveseat or chair that you purchased. You’ll create a rustic look that still blends in with the design of the rest of the home. You can also consider sanding down and restaining some of the wood on pieces that are worn down and have lost their beauty. You can vamp up the look of the item and bring it back to life to make it stand out in the entryway or living room.

Keep Everything Close

Instead of keeping your antique furniture out of reach in rooms that aren’t used, place everything in common areas of the home that are frequented to ensure that it’s seen and appreciated. It’ll make for an excellent conversation piece that allows you to enjoy the items that you purchase.

Decorating your home with antique furniture doesn’t have to be intimidating. With the right tips followed, you’ll create a beautiful setting that has a high level of visual appeal.

4 Safety Issues to Consider When Designing a Laboratory Setup

It is essential for all developing countries to promote a safety culture by all means. The best thing that they should do is to understand the chemical cycle in the laboratory from their manufacture until their disposal. The following are some of the safety issues that should be considered when designing a laboratory setup.


Management of hazardous waste


All laboratory technicians should fully comprehend and be aware of several things that involve the chemical life cycle within the facility such as how they are delivered after being purchased, stored, converted into waste, used, packaged, treated and disposed of.


When the technicians can understand the above things, safety will be promoted inside and outside the laboratory. This way, the lives of the residents nearby will not be put at risk. Also, complying with the measures will aid in cost containment.


Regulations and codes


The renovation and construction of laboratories are regulated by local and state laws that incorporate acceptable standard practices that are set out unvarying codes. These regulations are administered at a county, municipal or a regional level.


Some of these codes requirements affecting many laboratory construction projects include the following


• Control of dangerous/hazardous gases


• Building heights that are interdependent on the chemical usage


• Emergency power supply to maintain crucial life-safety systems, e.g., fire detection


• Ventilation and fire prevention


Any project that is set up must comply fully with fire, building, plumbing, mechanical and electrical codes.


Chemical vapor emission control


Large laboratories are bound to emitting immense amounts of gases some of which are known as HAPs (hazardous air pollutants.) Many of these vapors are dangerous and harmful to people’s health and the environment. For this reason, before setting up a laboratory, it is crucial to design an appropriate means of dealing with vapor emissions.


During designing of laboratories, developing strategies to treat vapors emitted from fume chambers has become a daunting task. Therefore, this is an issue that should be dealt with at the early stages before even starting the laboratory construction. Designers should ensure that there is a space left that will adequately accommodate emission control technology in future.


Liquid effluent control


It is easier to deal with fluid effluent compared to gaseous emissions. However, this does not mean that liquid effluent control measures should be taken lightly. During laboratory designing, designers should note that sinks are not used anymore for hazardous laboratory waste disposal. Instead, the liquid effluent should pass inside a system made to neutralize acids to adjust their pH thus controlling environmental pollution.


The above safety issues should be adhered to when designing a laboratory setup. By so doing, the technicians will prevent having trouble with the local government, and most importantly, peoples’ safety will be upheld.

4 Questions to Ask About Prescription Side Affects

The human body is incredibly complicated, so it is fairly common for medications to have side effects. Most of them are minor, since few medications that have serious side effects are approved for use unless they treat a similarly serious disease. They can still have an impact on the patient regardless of the scale of the side effects, so there are a few questions you should ask about them before you take a prescription medication.

Mixing Medications

Some side effects only occur when one medicine is mixed with another. In other cases, they can react with certain foods or other substances. That means it is vital to ask about any potential interactions between a medicine that you have been prescribed and any other medicines that you are taking. That applies both to other prescription treatments and over-the-counter medicines, since both can cause side effects. In some cases, you may also need to keep an eye on your diet to make sure that there are no unintended reactions. When in doubt, be sure to ask your doctor to be thorough in describing the potential reactions, and never forget to list a medication that you are taking when asked.

How Common Are They?

Not everybody experiences the same side effects from the same treatment. Most of them only happen rarely, and the experiments that tested the medicine to see if it could be used should have revealed the frequency of each of them. You should look up that information if you are concerned by any of the possible side effects of a medication. Manufacturers usually list all of the side effects that they saw during the trials, but many of them will have happened so rarely that the average user will not need to worry about them.

What Are The Risk Factors?

It is possible for personal risk factors to change the odds of side effects. For example, a medication that makes the body absorb a certain substance more easily will only have an impact on people who are exposed to that substance. When this is the case, you may be able to change your lifestyle in order to reduce the odds of experiencing any of the side effects of a medication.

Are Any Beneficial?

It may be strange to think of a beneficial side effect, but there are times when medications are prescribed for a side effect rather than for their primary use. This is relatively common in cases where the medication can have an impact on the patient’s mental state, since it can be hard to develop new medications that specifically target those issues. Side effects that help with physical ailments are rarer, but they do exist, and they can also be a vital tool for doctors.